Flexion morpheme

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The Flexionsmorphem (also: Flexionselement , flexive ) is a bound grammatical morpheme that the inflection of words used and different forms of words leads.

Depending on the inflection, one can differentiate between declination , conjugation and comparison morphemes.

As a grammatical morpheme, an inflectional morpheme differs from a lexical morpheme . Inflectional morphemes do not influence the semantic , but only the syntactic meaning of the words formed with them. In contrast to the lexical morphemes, the inflectional morphemes form “limited paradigmatic classes”.

The inflectional morphemes are to be distinguished from the word formation morphemes , which are also counted among the grammatical morphemes.

In German , the flexion morphemes are bound morphemes, i.e. H. Morphemes that cannot form a word on their own (are not verbose ).

  • Example: The morpheme {-er} can be an inflectional morpheme for the plural (e.g .: child - child-er ) or for an intensification (e.g .: fast - fast-er ).

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Heidrun Pelz: Linguistics: An Introduction. Hoffmann and Campe, 1996, ISBN 3-4551-0331-6 , p. 116.