Declension (grammar)

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The declination ( Latin declinare ' to bow' ) in the grammar of a language formally describes the rules according to which certain parts of speech (especially nouns , pronouns , adjectives and articles ) according to the grammatical categories case (case), number (number) and gender ( Gender) change shape. Not every language uses all of these categories. The words are declined . In addition to the conjugation of the verb , the declension is a form of inflection , the changeability of words or parts of speech.

A language can inflect all words according to a scheme and then have a declination (or a declination scheme), or it can inflect different words according to different schemes and then have several declensions. In languages ​​that have inflection, the inflected languages , the role of a noun in a sentence is determined by the form of its declension.

Words that cannot be declined are called indeclinable, undeclinable, not declinable, or not declinable.

Example for the German language

case Singular Plural
Nominative the colorful ball the colored balls
Genitive of the colorful ball of colorful balls
dative the colorful ball the colored balls
accusative the colorful ball the colored balls

See also