A paradigm ( Greek παράδειγμα) is a scheme in linguistics according to which words or parts of sentences are formed. In particular, it describes the “totality of the forms of inflection of a word, especially as a pattern for words that are inflected in the same way”. Examples are the inflection paradigm of verbs ( conjugation ) or nouns ( declination ). The paradigm has the syntagma as an opposite concept .
Another linguistic paradigm is the (unique) collection of interchangeable characters or elements of the same category or part of speech, such as "the dog / tiger / fish eats" or the first letters in " B - / E - / G - / H - / P - / T - / V ier “(beer, eggs, greed, here, pier, animal, four).
- The onomasiological paradigm arises from a cross- lingual term or designate and its individual language implementation, e.g. salary, pay, wages, income.
- The semasiological paradigm arises from certain common features of lexemes that are determined by commutation / substitution .
- Duden, keyword "paradigm"