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The number (plural: Numeri ; German: number, number ) is a form of counting in grammar to determine quantity values, i.e. to determine or differentiate the number .

There are the following numbers , depending on the language : Singular (singular), Dual [is] (two-number), Paral , Trial , Quadral , Paukal , Plural (plural), Distributive . For example, Classical Arabic , Slovene and Sorbian have dual forms for all nouns and verbs, but Hebrew only has pairs of body parts (hands, lips, etc.) and some temporal terms. Many non-European languages, such as Chinese , on the other hand, do not have a number as a grammar category - in this case the number is only expressed using numerals or quantities when required; if it is unambiguous, it is omitted.

In German grammar , a distinction is made between the singular (singular) and the plural (plural). Number forms form the following parts of speech here : noun , adjective , article , pronoun and verb .

There are also words that either only appear in the singular or only in the plural; these are called singular or plural .

Number in art

Examples of the different numbers in German nouns in the nominative (see also German declension ):

Singular Plural annotation
school schools
child children
wheel bikes Stem vowel changes, + ending
sofa Sofas
program Programs
Atlas Atlases / atlases Plural formation fluctuating
Apple Apples only the stem vowel changes
Teacher Teacher Singular and plural are the same
vacation Plural tantum (no singular)
noise Singular tantum (no plural)

See also

  • Collective - expression that summarizes an indefinite number of similar things
  • Substance name (continuative) - expression for non-countable things (material names )
  • Counting - an act of determining the number of elements in a finite set of equivalent objects.

Web links

Wiktionary: Number  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Snježana Kordić : The grammatical category of the number . In: Helmut Jachnow , Boris Norman, Adam E. Suprun (eds.): Quantity and grading as cognitive-semantic categories (=  Slavic study books ). n. F., Vol. 12. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 2001, ISBN 3-447-04408-X , p. 63 ( [PDF; 1,2 MB ; accessed on June 1, 2016]).