This means that the book cover is worked directly on the book block , the book block is attached to strings and not to ribbons and the fold is worked out (so-called "pressing") after the spine has been rounded so that a right angle is created to the book block. Only then is the leather made, that is, only then is the band covered with leather, so that the fold is not visible.
The construction of the back varies: solid or hollow back; In some cases the Franz band is provided with real or false frets .
A distinction is made between the so-called " half-French band " and the " all- French band". While only the back and corners of the half-French ribbon are covered with leather, the latter is completely covered with leather. The all-French ribbon is often used for magnificent editions and is lavishly decorated.
The advantage of this binding technique lies not only in the smooth, closed appearance without a visible crease, in particular in the intimacy of the construction: the book block and cover are firmly connected to one another, which is why the book offers considerably greater stability than simple cover volumes.
The name "Franzband" can be explained with the origin of this technique from France.
- Fritz Wiese: The book cover. A working customer with work drawings. 7th edition. Reprint of the 5th supplemented edition 1983. Schlütersche Verlagsanstalt, Hannover 2005, ISBN 3-87706-680-1 , p. 219 ff.
- Franzband . In: Gustav Moessner: Buchbinder ABC. Edited by Hans Kriechel. Zanders Feinpapiere, Bergisch Gladbach 1981.
- Gustav Moessner: Bookbinder ABC. Edited by Hans Kriechel. Zanders Feinpapiere, Bergisch Gladbach 1981 (keyword Franzband).