Fusion language structure

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The articles Fusionaler Sprachbau and Inflecting Sprachbau overlap thematically. Help me to better differentiate or merge the articles (→  instructions ) . To do this, take part in the relevant redundancy discussion . Please remove this module only after the redundancy has been completely processed and do not forget to include the relevant entry on the redundancy discussion page{{ Done | 1 = ~~~~}}to mark. Florian Blaschke ( discussion ) 19:22, Sep 9. 2013 (CEST)

In the language typology according to Wilhelm von Humboldt and August Wilhelm Schlegel, a fusional language structure is a subspecies of the synthetic language structure . In a so-called fusional language, the grammatical function of a word is identified by adding affixes , the affixing .

Good examples of fusional languages ​​are Latin and German . Most of the Indo-European languages have fusional elements. - example:

A Latin word like clamat 'he / she / it calls' can be used to illustrate the functionality of a fusional language. clamat can be broken down into the morpheme clama- and the affix -t . The latter contains the information about the grammatical categories person , number and gender verbi , in this case “3. Person Singular (Present Indicative) Active “. Changing one of these categories requires a complete change in the affix.

Delimitations of agglutinating or inflecting languages

The agglutinating languages ​​are opposed to the fusional languages, which amalgamate different grammatical categories through affixes . The term fusional language describes an umbrella term, since most fusional languages ​​are mostly or at the same time also inflected languages. The difference between agglutinating and fusional languages ​​is not sharp. Purely agglutinating or purely fusional languages ​​are rare.

It differs from agglutinating languages in that an affix expresses the value of several grammatical determinations, while in an agglutinating language each grammatical category is represented by a single affix. The fusional languages ​​use fewer affixes, and affixes which express not just one but several grammatical categories. Multiple pieces of information are fused into a single affix .

Web links

Wiktionary: fusing language  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations