Deaf education

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The deaf education (also hearing impaired education ) is a specialty of special education , which in turn is a specialty of general education . At the same time, it is a branch of audiology . It deals with the upbringing and education of children and young people who have special educational needs due to deafness or hearing impairment . It encompasses all areas of educational activity in dealing with hearing-impaired children and adolescents, from early childhood education to assistance with professional integration. Adult education is also becoming increasingly important.

Deaf education exists at German universities as an independent research and teaching subject. In German university policy, deaf education belongs to the group of small subjects . The subject is represented at the Humboldt University in Berlin , the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich , the Heidelberg University of Education , the University of Hamburg and the University of Cologne . Since 1997, the number of specialist locations and the company's own chairs has gradually increased from initially two chairs in Munich and Cologne to currently (as of June 2019) five chairs and locations. At the universities mentioned, the subject is also taught within the framework of bachelor's and master's degree programs or as part of the teaching degree.

There are different perspectives on the extent to which deaf education should be implemented. While technical (modern hearing aids , cochlear implants ) and medical ( soft surgery ) development, as well as auditory-verbal education, are pushing sign language into the background in school lessons, as effective speech, hearing and general communication training ensures social integration and professional integration are placed in the foreground, deaf self-help associations such as the Swiss Association of the Deaf promote “ bilingual education ”, in which both sign language and spoken language are used. It is the optimal way to a self-determined life.


  • Peter A. Jann: The upbringing and education of the deaf child. On the foundation of deaf education as a science. ISBN 3-89149-170-0 .
  • Annette Leonhardt: Introduction to education for the hearing impaired. With 76 exercises and numerous figures and tables. 2nd, revised and expanded edition. 2002 ISBN 3-8252-2104-0 .
  • Klaus Schulte: Location regulations. For research, teaching and practice in education for the deaf and the hard of hearing. ISBN 3-7883-0282-8 .
  • Oliver Sacks: Mute voices .
  • Anouk Gallati Kauer, Kristina Scheffrahn: Zajra - different from us?
  • Harlan Lane: When the Mind Hears . (The German translation of Listening to the Soul is no longer available).
  • Maria Wallisfurth: Silent World - The life of my deaf parents . Droemer Knaur Taschenbuchverlag, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-426-77781-9 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Small subjects: Deaf and hard of hearing education on the Kleine Fächer portal. Retrieved June 18, 2019 .
  2. ^ SGB-FSS: Charter of the Deaf Self -Help