Grünberger handwriting

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The Grünberger manuscript ( Czech rukopis zelenohorský , often abbreviated to RZ ) is a literary forgery that was allegedly found in 1817 at Grünberg Castle near Nepomuk .

Grünberger handwriting


The Grünberger manuscript consists of eight written pages on two double sheets of parchment. The double pages are roughly processed, visibly damaged and measure 22.4 × 18 cm. The running text is written in iron-copper ink that is green today and supposedly had a black crust in the past. The text is decorated with four vermilion initials and a few vermilion capital letters. In addition, there are often tiny red characters whose purpose is unknown. The text is written without spaces ( in continuo ), the first letters of the words are provided with vermilion root rubrics.


The manuscript contains fragments of the poems Sněmy (The Landtag) and Libušin soud (The Court of Libussa ) , written in old Czech, with the theme: Conflict of the brothers Chrudoš and Šťáhlav over the inheritance and their judgment by Princess Libuše.


For the historical background and the dispute about the authenticity, see also: Königinhofer manuscript

The Grünberg manuscript is said to have been discovered in autumn 1817 by Josef Kovář at Grünberg Castle, who anonymously sent it to Prince Kolowrat as a gift for the newly founded National Museum .

This collection was believed to date from the 8th and 9th centuries. If this were true, it would be the oldest surviving manuscripts in all of Bohemia. The manuscript became a nationalist symbol during the time of the Czech National Revival, together with the also forged Koeniginhof manuscript .

From 1886, Tomáš G. Masaryk and others managed to scientifically prove the falseness of these works. Presumably the authors are Václav Hanka and Josef Linda .

Today the manuscript is kept in the Department of Precious Manuscripts of the 19th Century in the National Museum (Národní muzeum) in Prague , but is no longer on display due to its poor condition.


  • Zelenohorský rukopis , in: Ottův slovník naučný , Volume XXVII, pp. 529-534
  • Mojmír Otruba (ed.): Rukopisy královédvorský a zelenohorský: Dnešní stav poznání . Prague 1969
  • Václav Vladivoj Tomek : The Grünberg handwriting. Evidence of the discovery of the "Libušin soud." Translated from the Bohemian Museum Newspaper by Jakob Malý . Museum of the Kingdom of Bohemia, Prague 1859 ( digitized version )

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