Basic price regulation

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The basic price regulation is part of the German Price Indication Regulation (PAngV).

The Price Indication Ordinance requires that not only the final price, but also the converted price per unit of quantity (basic price) be indicated in the immediate vicinity of the final price when trading with end consumers if goods are offered by weight, volume, length or area. Any discounts are not to be taken into account; VAT and "other price components" are inclusive.

The unit of measure is 1 kilogram, 1 liter, 1 cubic meter, 1 meter or 1 square meter. For goods that are usually offered in quantities of up to 250 grams or 250 milliliters, the basic price can also be based on 100 grams or 100 milliliters. If "loose goods" are offered by weight or by volume, the unit of quantity that is generally accepted by the general public, usually 1 kilogram, 100 grams, 1 liter or 100 milliliter.

For canned fruit etc. for which the drained weight must be specified, the basic price refers to the drained weight. For detergents and cleaning agents, the basic price can also be based on a normal use.

If the basic price and the final price are identical (e.g. juice in a one-liter bottle), the basic price does not need to be stated separately.

Many retailers carry items that are subject to the basic price regulation. Here, the dealer must specify the so-called basic price.


Orange juice XY 250 ml / 2.90 euros (basic price per liter = 11.60 euros)


The basic price does not need to be specified for certain goods, for example for:

  • Small packages under 10 grams or 10 ml
  • decorative cosmetics
  • Chewing tobacco and snuff up to 25 grams
  • Perfumes and scented waters

The basic price does not need to be specified if the goods are offered:

  • from small direct marketers
  • in small retail stores in which goods are mainly handed over to the service (i.e. classic "mom and pop shops", classic bakeries, classic pharmacies, kiosks, etc.)
  • through drinks and catering machines

The basic price does not have to be recalculated for food that is about to expire and is therefore reduced in price.


  • Hannes Jacobi: The optical enlargement of the basic price - necessity and implementation . WRP 2010, pp. 1217–1223 (Competition in Law and Practice, ISSN  0172-049X )

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