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Classification according to ICD-10
M25.0- Hemarthrosis
(0 to 9 depending on the location)
ICD-10 online (WHO version 2019)

The technical term hemarthrosis (from ancient Greek αἷμα haima blood and ἄρθρον joint ) describes the presence of blood in the joint space in medicine . Hemarthrosis is a special form of joint effusion .

The causes can be of different nature. Most accidents cause bleeding into the joint, but it can also lead to spontaneous bleeding in the case of coagulation disorders such as haemophilia or the use of anticoagulant medication (e.g. coumarins ). Hemarthrosis can also occur after operations.

After a decline hemarthrosis may cause adhesions are the synovial membrane, which may restrict the range of motion of the joint strong.

Hemarthrosis of the knee joint

Most often, hemarthrosis of the knee joint occurs as part of what is known as internal knee joint damage, such as a cruciate ligament tear , meniscus tears , injuries to the collateral ligaments or bone fractures with joint involvement. When the kneecap is dislocated ( patellar dislocation ), hemarthrosis of the knee joint occurs regularly due to the tearing of the ligaments . As a rule, knee hemarthrosis is an indication for an arthroscopy .

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Michael Schünke: Functional Anatomy - Topography and Function of the Movement System , Georg Thieme Verlag, 2000, ISBN 978-3-13-118571-6 , p. 54 .