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HIAT ( h alb i nterpretative A rbeits- T ranskription) refers to a method for textualization spoken language . It is used in linguistics and especially in functional-pragmatic discourse analysis and German-speaking conversation analysis. HIAT was developed by linguists Jochen Rehbein and Konrad Ehlich . It exists parallel to the transcription conventions developed by Gail Jefferson .

The basic principle of HIAT is the notation of the score, which is used to assign a single line to all participants in the conversation, similar to scores for orchestral music. The parts of the conversation that lie on top of each other are the parts spoken at the same time, so-called overlaps. To clarify the cohesion, related parts are held together with brackets.

The score editor of the EXMARaLDA system is usually used for computer-aided transcribing according to HIAT.


  • Ehlich, Konrad / Rehbein, Jochen (1976): Semi-interpretative work transcriptions (HIAT). In: Linguistic Reports 45, 21-41.
  • Ehlich, Konrad / Rehbein, Jochen (1979): On Notation of Nonverbal Communication for Discourse Analysis Purposes (HIAT2). In: Winkler, Peter (Ed.) (1979): Methods of analyzing face-to-face situations. Stuttgart: Metzler, 302-329.
  • Ehlich, Konrad / Rehbein, Jochen (1979b): Extended semi-interpretive working transcriptions (HIAT2): Intonation. In: Linguistic Reports 59, 51-75.
  • Ehlich, Konrad / Rehbein, Jochen (1981): The reproduction of intonatory, non-verbal and action phenomena in the HIAT procedure. In: Lange-Seidl, Annemarie (ed.) (1981): Constitution of characters - files of the 2nd semiotic colloquium Regensburg 1978. Berlin: de Gruyter, 174-186.
  • Ehlich, Konrad (1992): HIAT - a Transcription System for Discourse Data. In: Edwards, Jane / Lampert, Martin (Eds.): Talking Data - Transcription and Coding in Discourse Research. Hillsdale: Erlbaum., 123-148.
  • Rehbein, Jochen / Schmidt, Thomas / Meyer, Bernd / Watzke, Franziska / Herkenrath, Annette (2004): Manual for computer-aided transcribing according to HIAT. Work on multilingualism, Part B (No. 56). University of Hamburg: Collaborative Research Center on Multilingualism. ISSN  0176-599X . Online version (PDF; 2.8 MB)

Individual evidence

  1. Semi-interpretative working transcriptions (HIAT) . Linguistic Reports 45, pp. 21-41, 1976

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