Hilbert-Samuel polynomial
The Hilbert-Samuel polynomial is a term from the mathematical sub-areas of commutative algebra and algebraic geometry . It is used there in dimension theory and in the calculation of the points of intersection. While the degree is important for dimensional theory, the coefficients play a role for the intersection theory of algebraic geometry. It was named after David Hilbert and Pierre Samuel .
This article is about commutative algebra. In particular, all rings under consideration are commutative and have a one element. Ring homomorphisms map single elements onto single elements. For more details, see Commutative Algebra .
Definitions
Be it
a graduated ring with the following properties:
- is a module of finite length
- is created as a ring of and finitely many elements .
- be a graduated finite module.
Then the function
Called the Hilbert-Samuel function
Under the conditions of the definition (and with these designations) the following sentence applies:
- For large , the Hilbert-Samuel function is a polynomial off . It is positive and the highest coefficient of is.
This means that there is a: and a , so that applies to all :
This polynomial is called the Hilbert-Samuel polynomial
Dimensional theory
Is a local ring with maximum ideal , and
the graduated ring to this ideal. Then the following applies to the degree of the Hilbert polynomial of this ring (considered as a module over itself):
( is the Krull dimension of the ring)
literature
- Atiyah , Macdonald : Introduction to Commutative Algebra , Addison-Wesley (1969), ISBN 0-2010-0361-9
- Brüske, Ischebeck, Vogel: Commutative Algebra , Bibliographisches Institut (1989), ISBN 978-3411140411
- Robin Hartshorne : Algebraic Geometry , Springer-Verlag, New York / Berlin / Heidelberg 1977, ISBN 3-540-90244-9