Homolog (linguistics)

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A homologue or homologous term (from ancient Greek ὁμολογία homología , German 'correspondence' ) is an expression that is an example of its meaning due to its shape. This means that homologs are autologous .


  • The term eighteen letters is homologous because it has 18 letters itself. The same applies z. B. for "three-syllable", "German", "lower case" and "noun".
  • The term shibboleth was used in a biblical story as shibboleth, so it was a homologue.
  • The expression assimilation is itself an example of an assimilation (<Latin assimilis from ad + similis ).
  • old bahuvrihi ›having a lot of rice‹ is itself a bahuvrihi (possessive compound)
  • The English expression haplogy ("haplology") is itself an example of haplology / syllable shrinkage .
  • The term dead metaphor ('lexicalized / faded metaphor') is more of a reciprocal homolog, namely a living metaphor, or a heterologous .
  • The word spelling errors has a spelling mistake .


  • Homologous. In: Metzler Lexikon der Sprache, 2nd edition 2005, p. 280

Web links

Wiktionary: Homolog  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations


  1. homolog. In: Metzler Lexikon der Sprache, 2nd edition 2005, p. 280
  2. Haplology. In: Metzler Lexicon of Language, 2nd edition 2005, p. 269