An implant (from Latin in , 'into' and plantar ' to plant') is an artificial material implanted in the body that is supposed to remain there permanently or at least for a longer period of time. A distinction is often made between medical, plastic and functional implants. In contrast to the implant or the endoprosthesis , an exoprosthesis is attached to the outside of the body.
Their job is to support or replace body functions. Depending on their function, they are also known as implanted prostheses . Well-known examples are:
- Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD)
- Pacemaker (HSM)
- Stents and vascular prostheses
- Cochlear implant
- Retinal implant (visual prosthesis)
- Deep brain stimulation
- Bionic eye
- Intraocular lens (replacement of the body's own lens, e.g. as part of cataract surgery)
- In dentistry, dental implants are used as fastening anchors for artificial teeth, bridges or dentures.
- Implants, which are used to create a depot for a drug (e.g. in contraceptives ). These will be replaced when used.
- different forms of joint replacement
- Materials used in trauma surgery for the surgical treatment of bone fractures ( osteosynthesis )
- In neurosurgery , individual skull reconstructions made of titanium are used as bone substitutes for skull defects after trepanation or resection .
- Penile prosthesis
- Sphincter prosthesis
- Dental implant
Plastic implants are used in plastic surgery, for example, as a replacement for destroyed body parts or as an enlargement of existing body parts. The most famous implants are breast implants for breast enlargement .
A court in Sydney first confirmed that a public transport company in the Australian city does not have to accept the unauthorized subcutaneous implantation of a ticket chip under the passenger's skin. The passenger was acquitted of the penalty in the June 2018 appeal proceedings, but has to bear the (higher) procedural costs.
- Dental Implant Risks and Complications
- With implants, superficialities also count. On: Wissenschaft.de from April 11, 2007
- Scientific implant updates
- German Statutory Accident Insurance: Influence of Implants by Electromagnetic Fields (PDF file, 1.6 MB)