Indexing (grammar)

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Under the concept of indexing is set in the language typology , the concrete terms of the agreement ( "English. Agreement and the") Cross Reference (Engl. " Cross-reference ") together. Both refer to the fact that in many languages ​​in correctly formed sentences, related parts of the sentence must match in certain grammatical properties. For example, in a German expression, such as “eine Schöne Tages”, the case , grammatical gender and one or plural are correctmatch. If they did not do this, the language would be incorrectly formed, such as “a beautiful day”, whereas “a beautiful woman” is okay.


  1. Martin Haspelmath: Argument Marking in Ditransitive Alignment Types . In: Linguistic Discovery . Vol. 3, Issue 1, 2005, pages 1-21.