Institution of Civil Engineers
The Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) is an association of civil engineers based in London (Great George Street in Westminster). Although it has mainly British civil engineers as members and is their main agency, in 2008 it had around 80,000 members from over 150 countries.
In Great Britain there was a Society of Civil Engineers by John Smeaton as early as 1771 , called the Smeatonians after his death . The actual ICE was founded in 1818 by three young engineers in a London coffee house and gained importance through the presidency of Thomas Telford . In 1828 they received royal recognition (Royal Charter). In 1839 this association moved to Great George Street, where their current headquarters were built in 1913. At first it also included mechanical engineers, but in 1847 their own association, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers , was founded.
The company also publishes books and magazines through its own publisher, ICE Publishing, and is also affiliated with Thomas Telford Ltd. connected. She is also active in continuing education and has organized exams since the 19th century to promote high quality engineering in the UK.
They award several prizes, such as the gold medal, the Telford medal (for an outstanding magazine article), the international medal, the Warren medal, the Brunel medal.
The association's archive, with membership applications, was declared World Document Heritage in 2013 . The membership applications have been declared World Document Heritage as they provide a unique biographical overview of the engineers as well as their socio-economic backgrounds.