International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations
The International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations ( ISA ) in 1926 as an organization for international standardization ( standardization ) established that will be responsible for the field of non-electrical technologies and the work of the existing since 1906, the International Electrotechnical Commission should supplement (IEC) .
Founding members of the ISA were 14 countries that already had national authorities or institutions for standardization: Belgium, Germany, France, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Italy, Japan, Canada, Norway, Austria, Sweden, Switzerland, Czechoslovakia and the USA. The last conference of the ISA took place in London in 1939, the planned continuation in 1942 was prevented by the Second World War, so that the organization ceased to exist according to its statutes.
After the end of the Second World War, representatives from 25 countries came together in London from October 14th to 26th to establish a new international organization. After the former general secretary of the ISA, Charles le Maistre , declared himself acting general secretary and claimed the management of the new organization for himself, the delegates declared the ISA to be dissolved and a new organization, the ISO, was brought into being. On February 23, 1947, this new organization began its work.
What does international standardization mean?
If a large number of products or services in a certain business area adhere to international standards, one speaks of an industry-wide standard. This is achieved through the consistency of their representatives, who represent the various stakeholders (suppliers, users, governments, etc.). They agree on certain specification criteria that should be consistently applied to materials, packaging, production processes, test processes, analyzes and naming. In this way, standardization institutes equip suppliers and consumers with a common language and a reference framework in order to simplify communication between exchange, transfer and trade in technology.
- 1906 - Founding of the IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission).
- 1926 - Founding of the ISA (International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations).
- 1944 - Establishment of the UNSCC (United Nations Standards Coordinating Committee) as an interim solution during the World War.
- 1946 - ISO (International Organization for Standardization) founded.