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Under irritation refers to a stimulus or excitation , which is usually of a negative connotation. In common parlance, the word irritation is mainly used as a paraphrase for disaffection or displeasure between individual people and denotes an annoyance. As a rule, however, it is not a matter of a profound disgruntlement between the individual persons, but rather a spontaneous attitude of a person. Often this is triggered by the discovery of an action or statements by a third party.

The word itself, together with its verb form irritate, appeared in Germany in the 16th century , in its original meaning irritate, excite, provoke . It is borrowed from the Latin irritare with the same word meaning. In popular parlance was created by the sonic proximity to irr and wrong in the 19th century the importance of distracting, unsettling, disturbing, confusing .

Use of the term in medicine

In medicine , the word is used in its Latin word meaning "irritation", for both psychological and physical. The irritation caused by this is also subsumed under the term.

A physical irritation occurs, for example when a skin irritation. It manifests as an inflammatory reaction with local hyperemia without tissue defect, e.g. B. by the action of chemical substances or UV radiation . Occasionally, drugs called Irritantia (remedia) (singular irritants (remedium) , e.g. camphor , essential oils ) deliberately induce such irritation in order to convert chronic processes on the skin or mucous membranes into acute ones and thus stimulate healing.

Irritation in psychology

The construct “irritation” can also mean a state of mental exhaustion that has progressed so far that it cannot be relieved in the times after stress (leisure time, night sleep).


Web links

Wiktionary: Irritation  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Rau, R. (2011). On the interaction between work, stress and relaxation. In: E. Bamberg, A. Ducki, AM Metz (eds.): Health promotion and health management in the world of work. A manual. Pp. 83-106. Göttingen: Hogrefe. Here p. 97