Cadence (weapons technology)
It is given in rounds per unit of time, usually in rounds per minute or rarely in rounds per second. It ranges from a few rounds per hour for large guns to over 1000 rounds per minute for machine guns . Multi-barrel machine guns (e.g. Gatling or revolver cannons ) reach up to 10,000 rounds per minute (e.g. the Russian GSch-6-23 ). In tests, higher cadences have already been achieved.
In the case of machine weapons, a distinction is made between the theoretical and the actual rate of fire.
The theoretical cadence indicates the rate of fire of a burst of fire in handguns , extrapolated to one minute.
The actual rate of fire mainly takes into account the thermal load capacity of the weapon. It can be increased by cooling the barrel (with water or coolant), which is done with some old machine guns or with modern artillery pieces. For other weapons, the average loading time or the reloading time is included in the rate of fire.
The volley rate is calculated from the reciprocal of the cadence, whereby the duration of the shooting process is not taken into account. It describes the time between two successive shots. Typically, values between 10 seconds and several minutes per shot are specified, and hours per shot for extremely large guns.
- Joel Martin Aniol: The compendium of the WaffG, AWaffV, WaffRNeuRegG, KrWaffKontrG, BeschussG, WaffKostV, BfErbwRL, as well as questions and answers as preparation for exams for weapons expertise. EFDW J. Aniol, 2013