Kalemegdan ( Serbian - Cyrillic Калемегдан from Turkish : Kale meydanı ; German : Castle Square ) is a park on the former glacis of the Belgrade Fortress in the Serbian capital Belgrade . The Kalemegdan is divided into the large and small Kalemegdans.
The Kalemegdan is located northwest of today's city center of Belgrade above the confluence of the Sava into the Danube . From here there is a wide view of the estuary with the Great War Island (today a nature reserve) and the Belgrade districts of Zemun and Novi Beograd , and further north of the large wooded area of the Pannonian Plain with canals .
Today the name Kalemegdan describes the large open space around the citadel, which forms the core of the fortress. The open space was created in the course of the 1880s when the site was transformed into a large park. The first draft of this park was made by the first Belgrade town planner Emilijan Josimović on the orders of Prince Mihailo Obrenović .
In Kalemegdan Park there are busts of eminent figures from the Serbian and Yugoslav cultures. In addition to the remains of the historic Belgrade Fortress and the Pobednik (The Victor), the monumental sculpture of a man in a victorious pose (the work of the sculptor Ivan Meštrović ), there is also the Military Museum, the Hunting and Forest Museum, the Cvijeta Zuzorić Art Pavilion , smaller churches, a children's playground, sports fields, various restaurants, the fishing fountain and the Belgrade zoo .
The Nebojša tower at the foot of the fortress is famous .
Ivan Mestrovic's thanks to France
- Article about Kalemegdan on the website of the City of Belgrade (German)
- Kalemegdan photos on the Belgrade City website