Kharro site

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The Kharro site is an archaeological site named after the village of Karub ( Tibetan མཁར་ རོ་ Kharro , Wylie mkhar ro or Chinese  卡 若 遗址 , Pinyin Kǎruò yízhǐ , English Karuo Site or Karub Site ) and an important Neolithic site in the municipality Karub of the city of Qamdo in the Tibet Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China . Kharro is about ten kilometers south of Chengguan Township .

The site, excavated from 1978 to 1979, covers an area of ​​10,000 square meters and is considered by archaeologists to be one of the three "Tibetan aboriginal cultural relics". It is dated from 3200–2000 BC. Dated.

House foundations, cave dwellings, paved roads, stone walls, stone altars and pits have been uncovered in the well-preserved site and a large number of stoneware, pottery, bone ware and other ornamented items have been discovered there.

Since 1996 the Kharro site has been on the Monuments of the People's Republic of China (4-19).

Clay pot

A clay vessel excavated in Kharro and made of yellow clay and fine sand is an unusual relic of the Neolithic. Its surface is decorated with incisions and black paint, and its body is in the shape of two animals facing each other.


  • Cihai . Shanghai cishu chubanshe, Shanghai 2002, ISBN 7-5326-0839-5 , p. 900
  • Zhongguo da baike quanshu : Kaoguxue (Great Chinese Encyclopedia: Volume Archeology). Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe, Beijing 1986
  • Xizang Zizhiqu wenwu guanli weiyuanhui, Sichuan daxue lishi xi; Zhongguo shehui kexueyuan kaogu yanjiusuo bianji [The Tibet Municipality Cultural Relic Administering Council, The History Department of Sichuan University] (Ed.): Changdu Karuo昌都 卡 若. Wenwu chubanshe , Beijing 1985
  • Andreas Gruschke: The Karo culture . In: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet's Outer Provinces: Kham . vol. 1. The TAR part of Kham . White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2004, ISBN 974-480-049-6 , pp. 166-170.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Karuo Site. In: NikerChina. 2007, archived from the original on May 16, 2008 ; Retrieved April 8, 2014 .
  2. ^ Cihai , p. 900
  3. Ocher red slipped pottery jar with deer and archer, Karuo culture, China, c2300-c1800 BC.

Coordinates: 31 ° 3 ′ 28.8 "  N , 97 ° 12 ′ 32.4"  E