Ladder diagram ( LAD abbreviation ) is a method for programming programmable logic controllers (PLC). In English usage it is called a ladder diagram (abbreviation LD ).
Entrances are shown as two vertical parallel lines, while exits are shown as opposing curved lines.
Example: OUTPUT1 = INPUT1 OR NOT INPUT2
In almost all modern LAD languages, however, there are also function blocks available that go far beyond the actual link control.
Example: Maximum search (LAD language STEP 7 )
If the variable actual value greater than Maxsp (maximum memory), is actual value adopted as the new maximum.
ST is often better suited for more complex program structures, in particular analog value calculations .