Concentration (psychology)

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In the last phase of solving a visual thinking problem, the line that has already been drawn from 1 to 2 and 3 must be drawn to the end point 4. While the hand is still at point 3, the eyes are already focused on point 4.

Concentration ( Latin concentra , "together to the center") is the willful focus of attention on a certain activity, the achievement of a short-term achievable goal or the solving of a given task.

Focusing means that attention is paid to what is currently exercised or felt for a certain period of time, depending on the task also to what is to come. When drawing a line to touch a point, the eyes are already looking at the point as the line is drawn.

Concentration requires mental effort and decreases over time. Concentration is therefore understood to mean maintaining a level of alertness for a relatively long time.

Influencing factors

  • The emotional state: If you are in a positive emotional state, you are more focused. In contrast, concentration decreases during a negative mood.
  • The physical condition.
  • The motor activation and motor training.
  • The environmental conditions (e.g. media influences) also affect the concentration.
  • Food
  • sleep

The points mentioned are interdependent.

Measurement of concentration

The measurement of concentration is done with the help of standardized tests (attention-load tests), which depict the ability to perform certain tasks over a certain period of time. The evaluation is based on the number of completed tasks and the number of mistakes that have been made.

The value of the classic paper-and-pencil tests is controversial, as the test items usually have little relevance to everyday life.

Promote concentration

The following factors can be considered beneficial:

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Hans W. Hunziker: Visual information intake and intelligence: An investigation into the eye fixations in problem solving. In: Swiss journal for psychology and its applications. 29, No. 1/2, 1970.
  2. ^ H. Budde, C. Voelcker-Rehage, S. Pietraßyk-Kendziorra, P. Ribeiro, G. Tidow: Acute coordinative exercise improves attentional performance in adolescents. In: Neuroscience Letters. 441, 2008, pp. 219-223.
  3. ^ C. Hagemeister, K. Westhoff: Concentration diagnosis. In: L. Hornke, M. Amelang, M. Kersting: Enzyklopädie der Psychologie. (= Psychological diagnostics. Volume 3: Performance, intelligence and behavior diagnostics ). Hogrefe, Göttingen 2011, ISBN 978-3-8017-1526-7 , pp. 51-96.