District order for Lorraine

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The district order for Lorraine of March 25, 1941 was an ordinance of the German head of civil administration in the occupied CdZ area of ​​Lorraine during the Second World War. It adjusted the district law in the Lorraine districts to the imperial law and thereby prepared a final annexation of the area.

Scope and duration

When it was issued, the district order applied to all urban and rural districts in the CdZ region of Lorraine . In only 15 paragraphs it regulated the basics of administration at the district level. At the head of the districts was the district administrator; at the head of the city of Metz, the Lord Mayor.

The new regulations of the district law came into force on April 1, 1941 and eliminated all previous (French) regulations. The district boundaries were partially changed. The cantons were dissolved. Each district comprised a number of municipalities, which had already been granted the right of the German municipal code of January 30, 1935 since January 1st . At the same time, many smaller parishes had been linked with others in joint mayorships.

In mid-December 1944, the Allied advance reached the old border on the Siegfried Line ; This ended the German administration of Lorraine and the validity of the district order.

State Administrative District

Based on the Prussian-German traditions in the National Socialist form since 1933, the district administrator managed the entire state administration with the exception of the previously customary special administrations, such as:

  • Judiciary
  • Finances
  • train
  • post Office
  • Forest
  • Roads / waterways / civil engineering

and so on.

Self-governing body

In matters of self-administration , the district had to carry out public tasks under its own responsibility. These could also be assigned to him as order matters .

In accordance with the “Führer principle”, the district administrator alone also made decisions in self-administration matters. However, he was provided with 6 district councilors as advisors. You were appointed to this honorary position by the Gauleiter of the NSDAP for 6 years.

The head of the civil administration was in charge of self-government matters.

Unity of party and state

In order to secure the unity of party and state, it was of essential political importance to establish an agreement between the state district administrator and the political district leader of the NSDAP. In the event of differences of opinion, the head of the civil administration was to be called for a decision.

The other state district authorities had to maintain close contact with the district administrator and to pass orders and reports through the hands of the district administrator. Incidentally, in the event of imminent danger, the latter had the right to issue temporary orders.


  • Ordinance sheet for Lorraine 1941 , Saarbrücken (Friedrich Courths) 1941