Culture level theory
The culture level theory is a model designed by the geographer Hans Bobek to differentiate between economic and social stages of human development based on certain criteria.
Bobek divides the development of mankind into six stages:
- Wildlife prey level (adaptation of humans to nature with use of natural food sources)
- Level of specialized gatherers, hunters and fishermen (specialization and division of labor, start of stockpiling)
- Level of clan farming and shepherd nomadism (planned food production, livestock farming)
- Level of hierarchically organized agricultural society ( class society , dependent farmers)
- Level of older urbanism and pension capitalism
- Stage of productive capitalism , industrial society and the younger urban system
- Hans Bobek : The main stages of social and economic development in a geographical perspective. In: The Earth. Journal of the Society for Geography in Berlin. 90th year 1959, , pp. 259-298.