Short shoot and long shoot
In botany, a short shoot ( brachyblast ) is a shoot in which the growth in length is reduced, i.e. H. in which the stems ( internodes ) are compressed. The leaves or side shoots then sit tightly against it. In contrast, a long shoot is the term used for a shoot with normal or increased growth in length, in which the leaves are normally distant.
Many plant species have distinct long and short shoots. A typical example is the larch . The annual shoots at the ends of the branches are long shoots. They grow about 10-30 centimeters in a year and the leaves (needles) stand individually on them. On the older branches there are short shoots that do not grow more than a few millimeters a year and on which the leaves are rosettes. The picture on the right shows such short shoots.