Monsoon climate

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Monsoon Climate Zones (AM)

Monsoon climate or monsunales climate means the by monsoon winds influenced climate . Of fundamental importance for the regional climate of such areas is the humidity absorbed by the warm summer monsoon over the ocean , which rains down over the continent and especially in front of orographic obstacles as monsoon rain. If there were no monsoons, this precipitation would be more evenly distributed over the course of the year, which is also the main distinguishing feature between a monsoon climate (humid in summer, dry in winter) and a subtropical climate , which would usually exist in these geographical latitudes without the occurrence of a monsoon. The real climate zone formation therefore differs very strongly from an idealized idea parallel to the degree of latitude.

Monsoon and monsoon climate are almost identical terms, which is why the classification of the different monsoon types goes hand in hand with that of the different monsoon climates. Nevertheless, the two terms differ in that the monsoon itself is a permanent phenomenon, while the monsoon climate means the consequences of this phenomenon averaged over a longer period of time for the natural environment. Therefore, the monsoon stands for a wide range of annual precipitation, while the mean annual precipitation amounts of a monsoon climate in the range of less than 1200 millimeters are quite typical. As a result of the climatic conditions of the monsoon climate, a monsoon forest usually develops .