Morgenstern (weapon)

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Morgenstern (weapon)
Morning star
Weapon type: Balancing weapons
Designations: Morning star
Use: Weapon of the peasants, fight against riders
Creation time: about 11th century
Working time: around 11th - 17th century
Region of origin /
probably Flemish
Distribution: Europe , Arabia
Overall length: about 100-150 cm
Weight: mostly over 3 kg
Handle: Wood, metal
Particularities: different head shapes
Lists on the subject

The morning star is a striking weapon that was in use in the Middle Ages and early modern times . It is a further development of the club .

The classic version consists of a strong wooden stick up to 60 cm long as a handle, at the end of which the head, mostly made of wood, but also iron (about 8 to 20 cm in diameter) sits. This is covered with about 1 to 5 cm long thorns, which give it a star-shaped appearance. Often a wrist strap was attached to the lower end of the handle to prevent the weapon from being lost in the fray. The handling can be compared to that of a battle hammer or an ax . Wielding a morning star requires a lot of strength, but its use was considered "unknightly". Variants in which the head is connected to the handle with a chain are known as flails (also: battle flails).

Nowadays it is difficult to come up with a general definition of exactly which weapon is considered the morning star.

The morning star was used until the 17th century. In the First World War, similar weapons were made again and grave war used. They were mainly used because of their silence, mainly during night raids on enemy posts. Some of these modern morning stars are exhibited in the Bavarian Army Museum in Ingolstadt , as well as in the Imperial War Museum in London .

In Vienna-Alsergrund , Oskar-Morgenstern -Platz 1, the red sculpture dodecahedron star hangs on ropes; as an algebraically determined surface it alludes to the mathematics institutes of the University of Vienna located here, with its blood-red color and shape with 20 spikes on the weapon and thus also at the place name.

See also


  • George Cameron Stone : A Glossary of the Construction, Decoration and Use of Arms and Armor in All Countries and in All Times. With an introduction by Donald J. LaRocca. Courier Dover Publications, Mineola NY 1999, ISBN 0-486-40726-8 , p. 228.
  • Martin J. Dougherty: Weapons and fighting Techniques of the medieval warrior, 1000-1500 AD. Amber Books Ltd., London 2008, ISBN 978-1-906626-06-8 (German edition: War Art in the Middle Ages. Equipment and fighting techniques from 1000 to 1500 AD. Weltbild, Augsburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-8289-0861 -1 ).

Web links

Commons : Morgenstern (weapon)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Morgenstern  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. OMP-1: Dodekaederstern Description and mathematics of the sculpture at Oskar-Morgenstern-Platz 1, Vienna.