National Space Development Agency

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The Japanese module Kibō ( き ぼ う ) on the ISS

The National Space Development Agency for short NASDA (to German " National Space Development Agency "; Japanese 宇宙 開 発 事業 団 , Uchū Kaihatsu Jigyōdan ) was a Japanese space agency. Contrary to its English translation, it was not founded on October 1, 1969 as a government agency in the true sense, but as a quasi-state special corporation (English for tokushu-hōjin , 特殊 法人 , "special body"). The basis was the law establishing this authority for the exclusively peaceful use of space. Based on the space development program launched by the Japanese Science and Technology Agency (part of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology since 2001 ), NASDA was responsible for the development, launch and operation of satellites.

Hideo Shima , head of the Shinkansen project, was head of the agency from 1969 to 1977.

On October 1, 2003, NASDA merged with the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) and the National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan (NAL) to form the new Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).


STS-47 was partially funded by NASDA, as part of this Japanese-American mission, a Japanese astronaut launched the space shuttle into space in 1992 . Work on the Japanese ISS module Kibō was started by NASDA and then continued by JAXA.

Individual evidence

  1. Hideo Shima: Birth of The Shinkansen - A Memoir . In: EJRCF (Ed.): Japan Railway & Transport Review . September 11, pp. 45-48.
  2. ^ Spacelab-J (SL-J) Payload. (No longer available online.) In: Life into Space (1995/2000) - Volume 2. NASA, archived from the original on May 27, 2010 ; Retrieved April 30, 2013 .
  3. ^ JAXA - NASDA History. In: Retrieved November 17, 2018 .