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The Neronia were the Roman Emperor Nero devised betting games on a Greek model.

The multi-day games consisted of competitions in poetry, music and singing, various sporting competitions and horse races. According to Nero's conception, the Neronia should take place in a five-year cycle. However, they were only carried out in the years 60 and 65 AD. The venues were the gardens at the mons Vaticanus , the theater of Pompeius and the Saepta Julia .

The respective consuls chaired the meeting . A laurel wreath was awarded as a prize for the winner of a discipline.

In the poetry category, the poet Lucanus won in the year 60 with laudes Neronis (“eulogy of Nero”) which was not preserved in the wording . 65 Nero himself appeared with a poem about the Trojan War .