Organetto is the common name for a diatonic accordion in Italy.
The design essentially corresponds to the Vienna model . Soon other types of instruments were built, which eventually led to modern accordion production.
History and development of the accordion industry in Italy
Production began in the province of Ancona when the first “Accordion” factory was founded in 1863 by Paolo Soprani . The diatonic instruments built by Soprani were initially called armonica , later also fisarmonica . Soprani was soon able to export instruments to France, as the manufacturers there had given up after the war of 1870/1871. In 1876 Mariano Dalape joined Stradella (south of Milan ).
Other instrument makers settled in the area around Castelfidardo : Setmo Soprani, Cruchianelli, Moreschi, Pancotti, Dari e Picchietti, Borsini, Ballone Burini, Ficosceco, Scandalli, Crosio, Frontalini, Busilacchio, Serinelli, Marinucci, Galanti, Castagnari etc. Companies still exist today. Production took off, reaching its peak between 1870 and 1900.
- An export company was founded in 1907: 670 instruments were exported that year.
- In 1924 there were 232 registered establishments in Europe, 93 of them in Italy.
- In 1957 152,316 instruments were exported, of which 90,016 were delivered to the USA.
- Today there are still around 30 companies in Italy.
- (Note: In Castelfidardo alone there were more than 30 instrument manufacturers in 2007)