The term organizational deviance is used in criminology and sociology to differentiate it from individual deviance . Organizational deviance includes the use of irregular or illegal means in and by organizations. In contrast, individual deviance refers to individual acts with which actors accidentally, negligently or deliberately deviate from the internal rules of the organization or from external rules such as laws. In the case of organizational deviance, rule violations are primarily oriented towards the benefit of the organization and the benefit of the staff towards the incentive systems of the organization.
- ^ Pohlmann, Markus and Kristina Höly: Manipulations in transplant medicine. A case of organizational deviance? In: Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychiatrie 2017 (69), pp. 181–207.
- ↑ Ashforth, Blake E., Dennis A. Gioia, Sandra L. Robinson and Linda K. Trevino: Re-viewing organizational corruption. The Academy of Management Review 2003 (33), p. 670.
- ^ Palmer, Donald: Normal organizational wrongdoing. A critical analysis of theories of misconduct in and by organizations. 2012, Oxford University Press.
- ^ Pinto, Jonathan, Carrie R. Leana and Frits K. Pil: Corrupt organizations or organizations of corrupt individuals? Two types of organization-level corruption. The Academy of Management Review 2008 (33), pp. 685-709.