Organizational structures consist of the parts that are organized and the processes of how those parts work together.
There are at least two major areas of application and research for organizational structures: communities of people and information .
Organizational structures form a system of unlimited general regulations for the distribution of responsibilities to organizational units and the design of the operational relationships between the organizational units, which are intended to align the behavior of the units with the overarching goals of the system.
Organizational structures of people
In many areas of life people are involved in organized processes. People are part of a political system , work for an organization , live with a family and have a group of friends. Each area includes members and has its own rules for how these members interact with each other.
Company structures are built up by rules that are once fundamentally defined, which precisely describe which department within these structures has to perform which tasks. The relationships between the departments are also established in order to enable smooth operation within a company. However, this can only be a rough specification that must be precisely defined by further sets of rules. But only the actions of the employees can ultimately achieve this.
They provide a rough framework for the fulfillment of tasks, which is further detailed through additional instruments (namely planning and leadership) and filled in through the activities of the agents.
The system theory summarizes the areas 'organizational structures of information' and 'organizational structures of people' together and works with more abstract concepts such as that of the system .
Arthur Koestler introduced the term holons , which enabled him to analyze and describe organizational structures on an abstract level. Ken Wilber took up this term for his magnum opus 'Eros, Kosmos, Logos' and related it to parts of systems theory.
In computer models of companies, the areas of 'organizational structures of information' and 'organizational structures of people' coincide. On the one hand, the individual organization in the brain of a single person comes into play, such as the rules of corporate organization and the interaction of the data used for modeling .