Partnership and Cooperation Agreement

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Partnership and Cooperation Agreements (PCA) were agreed between the European Union (EU) and all states in Eastern Europe and Central Asia with the exception of Tajikistan and Belarus . The agreements with Ukraine and Russia are of the greatest importance . The latter expired at the end of 2007 and has been automatically extended by 12 months each time since it is not terminated by either party. It has been renegotiated since the beginning of 2008 - partly with interruptions due to the 2008 Caucasus War .

Partnership and cooperation agreements are the most important instrument for the EU to maintain close relations with these states, especially as these relations have become increasingly important in recent years. The EU also regards the agreements as important elements in the democratic development process of the partner countries.

With regulations in the areas of fighting organized crime , trade , migration , traffic , training and science , the agreements are intended to enable the Eastern European states to participate in certain agreements within the EU member states .

A special aspect of the regular meetings in cooperation councils, committees and sub-committees is the political dialogue.


  • Anatolij Ponomarenko: The European Orientation of Ukraine. Decree of the President of Ukraine on the Strategy for Integration of Ukraine into the European Union; Partnership Agreement between the EU and Ukraine . Center for European Integration Research, Bonn 1999. ISBN 3-933307-39-2

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