The Pro Set (also Pro Formation ) is an offense formation in American football . It is characterized by three receivers and two running backs positioned next to each other . Your name refers to the place of development, the professional league National Football League (NFL).
With the increasing popularity of the passing game in football in the late 1940s, coaches realized that their previous formations were unsuitable for the passing game. It is not exactly clear who invented the formation or who first used it. However, she was quickly adopted by all NFL teams. Especially after the Los Angeles Rams set a new record from this formation with 38.8 points per game in the 1950 season , the formation helped its final breakthrough. In the 1960s, Vince Lombardi won five titles with the Pro Set, and the Miami Dolphins and Pittsburgh Steelers were also successful with it in the 1970s.
The Pro Set features two running backs , a halfback and a fullback, slightly offset inwards, about four yards behind the offensive tackles. The five-person offensive line is reinforced on one side with a wide receiver (“split end”) and on the other side with a tight end . The eleventh player is a second wide receiver (“flanker”) at an angle behind the tight end.
From the formation, the two running backs can quickly start their pass routes compared to the competing I formation . They can also be used as an additional blocker. The disadvantage, however, is that the running game has been severely restricted. Running plays across the outside, such as pitches and sweeps , can be done well, but runs through the middle are less efficient due to the lack of a pre-blocker. In addition, a lot of time is needed to develop running plays. From the Pro Set, however, various attack systems can be played well, such as the Power Running Offense (e.g. Green Bay Packers under Lombardi), the West Coast Offense (e.g. San Francisco 49ers under Bill Walsh ) or the Vertical Offense ( e.g. Rams in the early 1950s).
There are basically four variants of the Pro Set: The Pro Set Strong , the Pro Set Weak , the Pro Set Tight and the Pro Set Wide . With the Pro Set Strong the halfback is placed behind the quarterback, with the Pro Set Weak the fullback. This results in additional tactical possibilities in the running game, as a pre-blocker can now be used and runs through the middle are simplified. In the Pro Set Tight, both running backs stand behind the guards. This also strengthens the running game. With the Pro Set Wide, the running backs are set up at the level of the outside shoulder of the tackles or even further out. This almost prevents their use in the running game, but improves their use in the passing game considerably.
- Holger Korber: Successful offense . Huddle Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-9811390-2-0 , pp. 89 .
- Holger Korber: Successful offense . Huddle Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-9811390-2-0 , pp. 90 .
- Holger Korber: Successful offense . Huddle Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-9811390-2-0 , pp. 91 .
- Holger Korber: Successful offense . Huddle Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-9811390-2-0 , pp. 93 .
- Holger Korber: Successful offense . Huddle Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-9811390-2-0 , pp. 94 .
- Holger Korber: Successful offense . Huddle Verlag, 2009, ISBN 978-3-9811390-2-0 , pp. 95 .