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Redwan (also Ridwan or Ridvan ) was a place in the Ottoman Empire (in the area Garzan, south of Siirt in today's Turkey ) supported by Yazidis inhabited. They also called the place Ezidxan (land of the Yazidis ). Redwan was an autonomous Yazidi principality for a short time in the 19th century , first the Yazidi prince Mirza Agha ruled over the area and lastly Seid Beg. A castle and a river in the region were also referred to as Redwan or Ezidxan.


The place was mainly inhabited by Yazidis, but a few hundred Armenians also lived there. Prince Mirza Agha built a church in Redwan for the Christian Armenian roommates.

Redwan Yazidis massacre

There were many armed conflicts between the Yazidis and the Muslim Kurds in Redwan. The Yazidis had no sacred documents compared to the Sunni Kurds and were therefore exposed to the arbitrariness of their Muslim neighbors. Especially the Kurds of the Goyan tribe, who called themselves the "Knights of Islam", were hostile to the Yazidis. Once members of the Goyan tribe attacked a Yazidi caravan consisting of 1,500 unarmed horsemen and killed 500 of them. The Kurdish prince Bedirxan Beg also carried out many massacres of the Yazidis. Some Yazidis have fled to Shekhan .

Individual evidence

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  2. Carl Ritter: Geography in relation to nature and human history, or general, comparative geography, as a reliable basis for studying and teaching physical and historical sciences: Second section. Third book West Asia. Seventeenth part . Reimer, 1844 ( [accessed January 14, 2018]).
  3. Ridvan. the former "Yezidi capital". Retrieved January 14, 2018 .
  4. Abroad: Weekly for country u. Ethnology . Cotta, 1853 ( [accessed January 14, 2018]).
  5. Guest: Survival Among The Kurds . Routledge, 2012, ISBN 978-1-136-15736-3 ( [accessed January 14, 2018]).
  6. Sir Austen Henry Layard: Discoveries Among the Ruins of Nineveh and Babylon: With Travels in Armenia, Kurdistan, and the Desert: Being the Result of a Second Expedition Undertaken for the Trustees of British Museum . Harper & brothers, 1871 ( [accessed January 14, 2018]).
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  9. Rudolf Fischer: Religious diversity in the Middle East: an overview of the religious communities in the Middle East . Fischer Rudolf, 1989, ISBN 978-3-906090-20-7 ( [accessed on January 14, 2018]).
  10. ^ Lokman Turgut: Oral literature of the Kurds in the regions Botan and Hekarî . Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH, 2011, ISBN 978-3-8325-2727-3 , p. 166 - 171 ( [accessed on January 16, 2018]).