Riemann music dictionary

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The Riemann Musiklexikon (often abbreviated to RML ) is a music lexicon that was founded in 1882 by Hugo Riemann .


The Riemann Musiklexikon is the last undertaking by an individual to compose a comprehensive lexicon in the musical field. The first edition of the lexicon appeared in 1882 under the title Hugo Riemann Musik-Lexikon. Theory and history of music, the sound artists of old and new times with details of their works, along with a complete knowledge of the instruments. In the following editions, the scope was constantly expanded; so included z. B. the seventh edition compared to the first with 1036 pages already 1598 pages. The last edition published by Riemann is the eighth (Leipzig 1916), but he still completely revised the lexicon for the ninth edition (Berlin 1919) that appeared after his death.

The last one-volume tenth edition (Berlin 1922) still contains a large number of biographical articles, which Alfred Einstein then deletes for the eleventh edition (Berlin 1929, in two volumes, first set in Antiqua): “Life data of completely alienated musicians from the second half of the 19th century ”have been eradicated - artists, some of whom are regaining importance today and about whom hardly anything can be found in other dictionaries.

Einstein oversaw the work from the ninth to the eleventh edition. Through his emigration, he was a Jew, "the Riemann" became known and popular in the Anglo-American area. An edition by the musicologist Joseph Müller-Blattau (12th edition, started in 1939), who was supposed to bring the work along the National Socialist line, did not get more than three deliveries.

The Riemann Musiklexikon 1958-75 (also counted as the 12th edition) in three volumes and two supplementary volumes edited by Wilibald Gurlitt (volume 1–2, persons, 1959–61), Hans Heinrich Eggebrecht (volume 3, subject part 1967) and Carl Dahlhaus (Volume 4-5, person supplement 1972, 1975), published by Schott Musikverlag Mainz, became the most widespread and profound music lexicon of the post-war period. The Brockhaus Riemann , a paperback edition in five volumes between 1989 and 1995, which satisfy the needs of professionals and should match of music lovers is opposite the Riemann music lexicon heavily compressed on the one hand, but on the other hand, brought to the then current.

Building on this, the 13th revised, updated new edition of the music lexicon was published by Schott at the beginning of 2012; The editor is Wolfgang Ruf . The lexicon comprises five volumes with over 9400 material and personal articles from music theory and practice as well as bibliographical and works catalogs.


Web links

Wikisource: Music Lexicons  - Sources and Full Texts