The Solfège [ sɔlˈfɛʒ ] (French) or Solfeggio [ solˈfedːʒo ] (Italian) is a theory of music that is supposed to enable you to play or sing a score through exercises in music theory , in particular music theory , ear training and singing .
In solfège, exercises of increasing difficulty are practiced, which consist in singing the notes with the solmization syllables . Both the absolute and the relative solmization are subsumed under this term solfège.
The solfège has been taught under this name since the Middle Ages . The Italian word solfeggio is made up of the note syllables sol and fa (5th and 4th notes of the respective scale). The invention of solmization is attributed to Guido von Arezzo , an Italian monk who lived in the 11th century , who wanted to accelerate the vocal training of the monastery boys.