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In linguistic typology , SOV languages ( subject-object-verb ) are those languages in which subject , object and verb appear in this order in the sentence order as standard . In German , SOV occurs in subordinate clauses ("When Peter ate the apple ...").

Among natural languages , SOV is the most common type, including Turkish , Japanese , Korean , Mongolian , Persian , Latin , Quechua , Burmese, and much of the Indian languages regardless of their language family. SOV is the most common form in agglutinating languages .

SOV languages ​​in most cases put adjectives in front of the noun, use postpositions rather than prepositions , put relative clauses in front of the noun they are referring to, and put auxiliary verbs after the main verb . Some also have trailing particles to mark subject and object, including Japanese and Korean.

Latin as an inflectional language , like many other inflectional languages, has a very flexible sentence order, but the most common is SOV. One example is the sentence “servus puellam amat”, literally translated as “The slave loves the girl” and translated into the German sentence structure as “The slave loves the girl”. In this sentence servus is the subject, puellam is the object and amat is the verb.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. ^ The World Atlas of Language Structures ONLINE (WALS), chapter 81