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In the language typology , OSV languages ( object subject verb ) are those languages in which object , subject and verb normally appear in this order.

The OSV sequence as a basic word is extremely rare. An example of a language that uses them is Xavante . They are also found in several other languages ​​in Brazil , including Jamamadi , Apurinã , Kayabí, and Nadëb .

Sequences of the form OSV occur in certain individual constructions in some languages, but without being a basic word order (so that they are not relevant for a language typology). As a result of topicalization , sentences in English , Chinese or French , for example, can be formed in an OSV sequence that deviate from the usual word order; for example in English: "I hate oranges, but apples I'll eat!". OSV is also available in American Sign Language .

OSV as a basic word order is available in some planned languages , such as B. Teonaht , as the sequence is often chosen by language inventors because of its exoticism. The Star Wars -Figur Yoda speaks in a modified form of the sequence.