|Typhoon ( JMA )|
|Category 5 Super Typhoon ( SSHWS )|
|Emergence||4th October 1979|
|resolution||19th October 1979|
|Lowest air pressure||870 hPa ( mbar )
(world's lowest air pressure)
|dead||86 direct, 13 indirect (99 total)|
|Guam , Japan|
1979 Pacific typhoon season
The Typhoon Tip (in Japan : Typhoon . No. 20 of the year Showa 54) 1979 was the strongest and largest tropical cyclone that has ever been observed. He caused severe flooding all over Japan and sank numerous ships on the east Chinese coastline and especially in the Philippines . However, it is possible that before the introduction of weather stations and especially before the development of ocean shipping there were more severe cyclones, but these were not registered.
The typhoon formed in the northwestern Pacific on October 5, 1979 as Tropical Depression 23 . A day later, it was classified as a tropical storm and turned into a typhoon on October 9th. Only two days later he became even stronger from his stay over warm water; on October 11th it was a “super typhoon”, ie a category 5 storm. The air pressure fell from 996 to 898 mbar . During this time it had a diameter of 2200 km. On October 12th it reached wind speeds of up to 305 km / h and an air pressure of 870 mbar. The low air pressure in the center of a tropical cyclone alone is able to raise the sea level by more than a meter. In addition, the wind drives a storm surge several meters high in front of it, which can have devastating consequences in coastal areas.
On October 19, Typhoon Tip touched the Japanese island of Honshū and killed 86 people. Both agriculture and fisheries were badly hit with millions in damages.