Taxonomy (linguistics)

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The linguistic taxonomy (Greek taxis 'order', -nomia 'administration') is the teaching of the methods for the formation of classes under the aspect of the similarity relationships between the terms to be classified ( taxon , Pl. Taxa . Cf. also grammat. Taxem ) . The linguistic taxonomy developed from the numerical taxonomy in mathematics and is increasingly used in dialectology and language typology .

Some authors also speak of taxometry and mean the procedures of US structuralism in a derogatory way .

See also


  • Gabriel Altmann, Werner Lehfeldt: General language typology . Fink, Munich 1973, chapter “Taxa”. ISBN 3-7705-0938-2 .
  • Helmut Glück (Ed.): Metzler Lexicon Language. Metzler, Stuttgart 2000, 2005, article: Taxonomy . ISBN 3476020568 .