Educational film

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Under a teaching film (also teaching film ) refers to a film produced for teaching purposes. The picture offices and media centers specialize in the distribution of educational films .



The fact that films can support school learning processes was discovered by educators soon after the emergence of this medium. In 1907, Hermann Lemke created the Cinematographic Reform Association in Storkow, Brandenburg , which published the first catalog of films for public education and school purposes.

Weimar Republic

In 1919, the Berlin Central Institute for Education and Teaching set up an “Advisory and Testing Center for Educational Films”, and from 1920 onwards, picture sites were created in the larger cities.

National Socialism

The educational film was officially introduced as a teaching material in Germany on June 26, 1933 with a decree by the Minister of Education, Bernhard Rust . The systematic production of educational films began in 1934 with the establishment of the Reich Office for Educational Films.

At the same time, the picture position system was further expanded. In 1943 there were 37 regional picture sites in the Reich, which included a subsystem of 12,042 town picture sites. At the same time, there was the network of picture sites of the Reich Propaganda Leadership of the NSDAP , which in 1936 already had 32 Gau, 171 district and 22,357 local group film sites. These image areas had well-stocked film stocks and also loaned out portable projectors for 16mm films that could be used to show films in classrooms, in university seminar rooms, and at home evenings.

In 1940, an estimated 40,000 of the 62,000 schools had a screen. In schools, however, not only educational films but also propaganda films were shown.

Federal Republic of Germany

In the 1960s, educational film gained in importance with the introduction of school television.

See also

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