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Suede (from French velours [ vəˈluːɐ̯ ] 'velvet'), also suède , is a collective term for types of leather with a rough surface. Suede is not correctly referred to colloquially as suede .

What all suede leathers have in common is that this surface is created directly from the fibers of the reticular layer of animal skin - whereas with nubuck leather, only the top layer of skin (the so-called scars ) is slightly sanded.

As always with leather, a distinction can be made according to purpose (shoe velor, clothing velor, etc.), type of raw material (pig velor, etc.), quality (velor, split velor), etc.

Raw materials with poor surface quality have always been used for suede, because in the subsequent processes the top layer of skin is removed or abraded, or the inside (flesh side) of the skin is refined as a surface.


Suede shoe


After the first cleaning steps ( soaking ), what is known as sweating is carried out - a controlled putrefaction process in which the upper layer of skin is bacterially destroyed to such an extent that it can then be easily removed mechanically on the tannery tree with a blunt knife. After the subsequent processes (tanning, dyeing), the leather surface is reworked on the Dollier wheel or with pumice stone to the desired fine surface structure.


Today, suede is processed mechanically with sandpaper after intermediate drying. More brilliant colors are achieved through the subsequent coloring. Today, dyed suede can also be used under high stress and exposure to daylight.

Fur suede or velvet fur , so fur with the refined to suede Aasseite , need a different tanning process in which the hair are preserved, see Preparation of fur .

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