A dedicatory inscription ( Latin tituli sacri ) was used in antiquity to document a votive offering to a deity in the form of an inscription . Dedicatory inscriptions could be obtained from public figures, the military or private individuals. They could be attached directly to the consecrated object or on an additional table ( tabula ). Inscriptions on fair bears have a special position . These have often been preserved and provide information about people and the worship of deities.
Consecrations usually included the name of the dedicant , the name of the deity being sacrificed, and a verb describing the dedication. These basic information can be supplemented by references to the occasion of the consecration. In Roman culture in particular , dedicatory inscriptions were formalized. Often, the initial letters or simple abbreviations are sufficient to reproduce the desired formula.
Common Latin formulas were for example:
|DD||d (onum) d (edit)||"Has given as a gift"|
|DSIM||D (eo) S (oli) I (nvicto) M (ithrae)||"To the undefeated sun god Mithras"|
|HDD||in h (onorem) d (omus) d (ivinae)||"In honor of the divine imperial house"|
|IOM||I (ovi) O (ptimo) M (aximo)||"The greatest and best Jupiter"|
|SAC||sac (rum)||"Consecrated to the deity"|
|SMD||S (acrum) M (atri) D (eum)||"Consecrated to the Mother of Gods"|
|VSLM||V (otum) S (olvit) L (ibenter) M (erito)||"The vow gladly redeemed according to its merit"|