Western Semitic languages
The West Semitic languages form one of two main branches of the Semitic languages alongside the East Semitic languages . All Semitic languages except Akkadian and Eblaite belong to it. The more precise subdivision of the Western Semitic languages has not been conclusively clarified (see Classification of Semitic Languages ).
The most important common innovation that the West Semitic languages have compared to the East Semitic languages is the use of the suffix conjugation to express the perfect tense (e.g. Arabic waladat "she gave birth to (a child)"). In Eastern Semitic, on the other hand, the tripod expressing a state is formed in the same way - probably in line with the primordial Semitic (e.g. Akkadian waldat "she is born").
- Alice Faber: Genetic Subgrouping of the Semitic Languages . In: Robert Hetzron (Ed.): The Semitic Languages . Routledge, London 1997. pp. 3-15.