The Tsaritsyno Palace Park ( Russian Цари́цыно ) is located in the district of the same name in the southern administrative district of the Russian capital Moscow , about 18 km from the city center.
In 1712 the area was given under its original name "Tschornaja Grjas" (Black Mud) by Peter I the Great to the Moldovan Prince DK Kantemir, whose son AD Kantemir sold the estate in 1775 to Catherine the Great , who owned the area in Tsaritsyno ( "Place of the Tsarina") was renamed in order to build a country seat there at the gates of Moscow. She commissioned a building that should keep up with the buildings in the Petersburg area. After ten years of construction work under the direction of the architect Vasily Baschenowshe was very dissatisfied with the first main building and had it torn down again. A second design was built by 1793, but construction work was discontinued when the main and most important auxiliary buildings were only nearly half finished. In the course of the 19th century, some smaller outbuildings in the neoclassical style were completed, the main buildings remained partially unfinished until the turn of the millennium, but in the 1980s a museum was partially opened. Together with the scenic park, the ruins formed a popular excursion destination.
In 2004, the site, which had previously belonged to the Russian state, was given to the city of Moscow in exchange for another museum, which has since continued to build it according to new plans. The city administration plans to house a "Moscow Hermitage" in the completed complex. The restoration of the buildings and the park was completed in early September 2007.
- Official website of the Tsaritsyno Museum ( Russian ), ( English )
- Private homepage with photos of the castle as a ruin ( Memento from February 23, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) ( English )
- Data on the history of the park and palace ( memento from March 24, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) ( Russian )
- ↑ “Moscow will have its Hermitage” ( Memento of September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) of December 22, 2004, russland.RU ( German ).
Coordinates: 55 ° 36 ′ 54 ″ N , 37 ° 40 ′ 55 ″ E