Definition of a standard
" A standard is a document that has been drawn up by consensus and accepted by a recognized institution and that defines rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results for general and recurring use, with an optimal degree of order being sought in a given context (NOTE Standards should be based on the established results of science, technology and experience and aim to promote optimal benefit to society). "
Standards are voluntary standards that are developed in standardization bodies (committees) supervised by Austrian Standards International . ÖNORMs are either suggested by interested parties or adopted as national ÖNORM within the framework of European and international standardization (e.g. EN, CENELEC, ISO, ISO / IEC, IEC). ÖNORMs are only published by Austrian Standards International as the media owner and manufacturer; the competent committee is responsible for the content. The responsible committee is shown on the title page of every ÖNORM.
Types of norms
EN 45020 defines the following types of standards: Basic or basic standard, terminology standard, test standard, product standard, procedural standard, service standard, interface standard, standard for data to be specified / declaration standard, there are also the types: planning standard, construction, calculation or Dimensioning standard, service contract standard and execution or processing standard.
Every international, European and national ÖNORM is first published as a draft standard for a predetermined period (usually six weeks) before it is finally published as ÖNORM. In this phase of the public statement, any interested person can submit their opinion and suggestions for improvement directly to the responsible committee. In the draft standards portal of Austrian Standards International all available draft standards can be viewed free of charge and commented online.
Origin and designation of ÖNORMS
|ÖNORM EN , ... (incl. EN ISO)||14.309|
|ÖVE / ÖNORM (EN)||4,517|
|ÖNORM and. (e.g. DIN )||154|
|ON rule ONR||567|
A national ÖNORM is a standard that has been developed in the competent committee and published by Austrian Standards, or a European standard that has been adopted. When designating national ÖNORMS, a distinction is made between:
- 1) “purely Austrian standards” that were developed in Austria, or
- 2) "Adopted standards" that were originally developed by a European, international or other foreign standards organization and subsequently adopted by Austrian Standards in the Austrian set of standards.
Austrian standards are referred to as ÖNORM without additional information. There are no common abbreviations for it.
The classifications of national, purely Austrian ÖNORMS are designated with a letter. There are the following groups of standards:
- A - General norms
- B - construction
- D - services
- C - chemistry
- E - electrical engineering
- F - fire fighting and rescue services
- G - basic materials
- H - building services
- K - hospital facilities and healthcare
- L - Agriculture and Forestry
- M - mechanical engineering
- N - food
- O - optics
- S - Other areas of standards
- V - Transportation
- Z - occupational safety technology
The nomenclature provides for four-digit standard numbers
- z. B. ÖNORM A 1080
Multi-part standards are differentiated by using appended numbers. The number of the standard part is noted after the actual number of the ÖNORM,
- z. B. ÖNORM B 3800-1
The year of issue (complete: the date of issue) of a standard is added after a colon to clearly identify a standard.
- z. B. ÖNORM A 1080 : 2007 - guidelines for text design
For a complete quote from an ÖNORM, the title should also be given:
- z. B. ÖNORM A 1080: 2007 03 01 - guidelines for text design
- with the brand name ÖNORM
- with the designation of the standard group (e.g. A or B or ...)
- with a four-digit number
- with the year of issue or alternatively with the date of issue
Further examples of national, purely Austrian ÖNORMS:
- z. B. ÖNORM B 2110: 2013 - General contractual provisions for construction work - Work contract standard
- z. B. ÖNORM B 2501: 2016 - Drainage systems for buildings and properties - Planning, execution and testing - Supplementary guidelines for ÖNORM EN 12056 and ÖNORM EN 752
- z. B. ÖNORM D 2040: 2014 - cleaning services - training courses and training centers in monument, facade and building cleaning and housekeeping
- z. B. ÖNORM F 3072: 2011 - planning, project planning, installation, commissioning and maintenance of water extinguishing systems
- z. B. ÖNORM L 1122: 2011 - Tree inspection and tree care
- z. B. ÖNORM S 2000: 2016 - Waste management - Terms and definitions
- z. B. ÖNORM V 1318: 2015 - Noise protection devices on roads - Regulations - Rules for the implementation of ÖNORM EN 14388
European standards are drawn up by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) among all CEN members. The national standardization institute is a member of CEN and enables national experts to work in European standardization. A European standard is not published as a pure "EN", which is why an EN standard from CEN (e.g. EN 1400 ), unlike ISO standards, is not available for purchase either directly from CEN or from the national standards institutes.
European standards must be adopted by the national standardization institutes (obligation to adopt). Corresponding national purely Austrian standards must be withdrawn (withdrawal obligation) or revised in such a way that no content that has already been specified in European standards (EN, EN ISO) is any longer included. European standards are published by the national standards institutes in three languages: English, French and German. A draft standard is also published first before the final publication. The designation of an EN standard consists of the national standard designation ÖNORM and the European designation EN as well as a one to five-digit number, i.e. ÖNORM EN :
- z. B. ÖNORM EN 1: 2007 - Heating stoves for liquid fuels with evaporation burners and chimney connection (consolidated version)
- z. B. ÖNORM EN 71-1: 2015 - Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties
- z. B. ÖNORM EN 349: 2008 - Safety of machinery - Minimum distances to avoid crushing parts of the body
- z. B. ÖNORM EN 1730: 2012 - Furniture - Tables - Test methods for determining the stability, strength and durability
- z. B. ÖNORM EN 15288-2: 2009 - Swimming pools - Part 2: Safety requirements for operation
A European EN ISO standard is based on a collaboration between the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) under the Vienna Agreement (German Vienna Agreement ). In this cooperation, the European standards are published as ÖNORM EN ISO (e.g. ÖNORM EN ISO 9001) via CEN and the corresponding ISO standards (ISO 9001) via ISO . In contrast to EN standards, these ISO standards are available for purchase. In the case of a project under the Vienna Agreement, either CEN or ISO is responsible for developing the project, while the other organization takes on the finalized drafts and standards. In Austria, European standards are called ÖNORM EN and ÖNORM EN ISO :
- z. B. ÖNORM EN 16775: 2016 - Expert activities - General requirements for expert services
- z. B. ÖNORM EN 1610: 2015 - Installation and testing of sewers and sewers
- z. B. ÖNORM EN ISO 9001: 2015 - Quality management systems - Requirements (ISO 9001: 2015)
- z. B. ÖNORM EN ISO 14001: 2015 - Environmental management systems - Requirements with instructions for use (ISO 14001: 2015)
Publication of European standards in other countries
European standards that have been published in other countries have the same content in the normative European core. The European normative core document can be recognized by the trilingual CEN cover sheet, which follows the national cover sheet. The national standardization institutes may only add informative national forewords or appendices to the standards; the European content may not be changed.
- Austria: z. B. ÖNORM EN 1400: 2014 - Articles for babies and toddlers - Soothers for babies and toddlers - Safety requirements and test methods
Examples of the mandatory adoption of EN 1400 by national standardization organizations in European countries:
- Germany: z. B. DIN EN 1400: 2014 - Articles for babies and toddlers - Soothers for babies and toddlers - Safety requirements and test methods; German version EN 1400: 2013 + A1: 2014
- Great Britain: e.g. B. BS EN 1400: 2013 + A1: 2014 - Child use and care articles. Soothers for babies and young children. Safety requirements and test methods
- France: e.g. B. NF EN 1400 + A1 June 2014 - Articles de puériculture - Sucettes pour nourrissons et jeunes enfants - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai
- Spain: e.g. B. UNE-EN 1400: 2013 + A1: 2014 - Artículos de puericultura. Chupetes para bebés y niños pequeños. Requisitos de seguridad y métodos de ensayo.
- Holland: z. B. NEN-EN 1400: 2013 + A1: 2014 - Artikelen voor zuigelingen en peuters - Fopspenen voor baby's en kleine kinderen - Veiligheidseisen en beproevingslösungen
Of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) are ISO standards or standards developed. The standards are designated with the abbreviation ISO and a two- to five-digit number. There is no mandatory adoption as with European standards. ISO standards can be adopted voluntarily by the responsible technical committees of Austrian Standards International by resolution in the national standards. Austrian Standards itself cannot adopt any ISO standards. The designation is ÖNORM ISO :
- z. B. ÖNORM ISO 21500: 2016 - Project management guidelines (ISO 21500: 2012)
- z. B. ÖNORM ISO 128-24: 2015 - Technical drawings - General principles of representation - Part 24: Lines in mechanical engineering drawings (ISO 128-24: 2014)
- z. B. ÖNORM ISO 6265: 2014 - Alpine skis - Determination of the deformation force and the breaking force (ISO 6265: 2013)
ISO / IEC standards are norms of ISO / IEC JTC 1 . The Joint Technical Committee 1 is a joint technical committee of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). The aim of JTC 1 is to develop standards in the areas of information technology (IT) and information and communication technology (ICT). In the case of voluntary national adoption by the responsible committee, the designation of these standards is: ÖNORM ISO / IEC :
- z. B. ÖNORM ISO / IEC 27013: 2017 - Information technology - IT security procedures - Guidelines for the integrated implementation of ISO / IEC 27001 and ISO / IEC 20000-1 (ISO / IEC 27013: 2015)
- z. B. ÖNORM ISO / IEC 27005: 2013 - Information technology - Security technology - Information security risk management (ISO / IEC 27005: 2011)
- z. B. ÖNORM ISO / IEC 20000-1: 2013 - Information technology - Service management - Part 1: Requirements for a service management system (ISO / IEC 20000-1: 2011)
ISO / IEC standards are also partially adopted as European standards, the European designation is EN ISO / IEC , the national publication in Austria takes place under ÖNORM EN ISO / IEC :
- z. B. ÖVE / ÖNORM EN ISO / IEC 27000: 2017 - Information technology - Security procedures - Information security management systems - Overview and terminology (ISO / IEC 27000: 2016)
- z. B. ÖVE / ÖNORM EN ISO / IEC 27042: 2016 - Information technology - IT security procedures - Guidelines for the analysis and interpretation of digital evidence (ISO / IEC 27042: 2015)
- z. B. ÖVE / ÖNORM EN ISO / IEC 27038: 2016 - Information technology - IT security procedures - Specification for digital redaction (ISO / IEC 27038: 2014)
Adoption of DIN standards
Standardization committees of Austrian Standards International can voluntarily adopt DIN standards of the German Institute for Standardization as national ÖNORMS. The publication is carried out by Austrian Standards. The designation is ÖNORM DIN :
- z. B. ÖNORM DIN 33402-2: 2006 - Human body measurements - Part 2: Values (DIN 33402-2: 2005)
Electrotechnical standards of the Austrian Association for Electrical Engineering (OVE) are published with the designations "OVE" and "ÖVE / ÖNORM" .
An ON rule or ONR of the Austrian Standards International is a normative document, which can be developed in a shorter period of time than an ÖNORM, which does not have to meet all the requirements of a "classic" standard in its development process and experience gained from its application for a possible later standardization should be collected. It can also be a document that documents the status of a new or rapidly changing development. The designation consists of ONR and a five- to seven-digit number:
- z. B. ONR 49000: 2014 - Risk management for organizations and systems - Terms and principles - Implementation of ISO 31000 in practice
- z. B. ONR 43001-2: 2015 - Real estate services - Requirements for the qualification of employees of real estate agents - Part 2: Qualification level: Real estate consultants
- z. B. ONR 261264: 2015 - Indicators for Safety and Health Management Systems
- z. B. ONR 2810006: 2004 - Quality Management Systems - Guidelines for Quality Management in Projects (ISO 10006: 2003)
- ÖVE / ÖNORM EN 45020: 2007 - Standardization and related activities - General terms (ISO / IEC Guide 2: 2004) (multilingual version: de / en / fr)
- Austrian Standards Fachinformation 19, Standards for every need - the types of standards according to ÖNORM EN 45020 and other types for your needs with respective examples. (PDF; 2795 kB) Austrian Standards International , 2014, accessed on September 1, 2017 .
- Draft standards portal of the Austrian Standards International
- Austrian Standards Annual Report 2014 (PDF; 18,484 kB) Austrian Standards International , July 3, 2015, accessed on September 28, 2015 .
- Federal Law Gazette I No. 153/2015, Federal Law on Standards (Standards Law 2016 - NormG 2016)
- See ÖNORM A 1080 with the names of the current and previous editions in the web shop search of the Austrian Standards International. Retrieved October 11, 2015.