ČSD series M 131.1

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ČSD series M 131.1
Lužná u Rakovníka, motorový vůz M 131.1238.jpg
Numbering: M 131.1001-1549
Number: 549 + 2
Manufacturer: Tatra Kopřivnice
Vagonka Tatra Studénka
Year of construction (s): 1948-1956
Retirement: until 1984
Axis formula : A1
Gauge : 1435 mm ( standard gauge )
Length over buffers: 12,100 mm
Empty mass: 16.6 t
Wheel set mass : 10.0 t
Top speed: 60 km / h
Installed capacity: 114 kW
Starting tractive effort: 29 kN
Motor type: 1 × Tatra T 301
Power transmission: mechanical type Mylius
Seats: 60
Classes : 2.

The ČSD series M 131.0 (from 1988: series 801 ) is a two-axle diesel multiple unit for regional traffic of the former Czechoslovak State Railways (ČSD).


M 131.1454
View into the passenger compartment of a class M 131.1 railcar

The vehicles were developed after 1946 from the pre-war type VT 135 of the Deutsche Reichsbahn , four of which remained on the territory of Czechoslovakia as the M 140.3 series . They are diesel-mechanical railcars that are equipped with the four-speed Mylius transmission . They were designed for operation on branch lines, especially on lines with significant gradients and small bends. Sidecars that were almost identical in structure and appearance were supplied to match the railcars.

Between 1948 and 1951, Tatra in Kopřivnice delivered 340 vehicles; The other 209 copies were supplied by Vagonka Tatra in Studénka from 1954 to 1956. In addition, two vehicles with Russian broad gauge as the M 131.5 series were delivered to the Ukraine in 1971 and 1979.

These simple vehicles were the most extensive class of ČSD railcars and can be found everywhere. They were nicknamed "Hurvínek".

In the years 1967 to 1980, 85 cars were reconstructed and classified as class M 131.2. Two vehicles were experimentally equipped with the automatic transmission of the LIAZ SM 11 city ​​bus and subjected to detailed tests. This led to the development of the M 152.0 series (today: 810).

By 1984, the vehicles were taken out of scheduled traffic and completely replaced by the M 152 series . A large number of the vehicles have been preserved and are available for museum transport. For example, they are used as planned on the T1 “Kamenický motoráček” (Česká Kamenice – Kamenický Šenov) and T3 “Zubrnický motoráček” (Ústí nad Labem-Střekov – Zubrnice) tourist lines in Ústecký kraj .

See also

Web links

Commons : CS Class M 131.1  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. http://www.beitraege.lokomotive.de/datenbank/d_datenbank.html