from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Buddha representation on the bimaran reliquary with hand gestures of the abhayamudra (1st century AD)

Abhayamudra ( devanagari : अभयमुद्रा) in the original Buddhist context is the gesture of greeting and granting protection - a hand position that also avoids fear and allows the worshiper to enjoy divine protection and bliss.


In Abhayamudra, the right hand is held upright with the palm facing forward, while the left hand is usually drooped or bent in standing representations; When the figures are seated, the left hand rests palm up in the lap. It is the earliest form of the various Buddhist mudras .

In Thailand and Laos , both hands of the Buddha are often raised in the same way; there are also depictions with a raised left hand.

The Abhayamudra is the typical gesture of the Adibuddhas Amoghasiddhi .

This gesture sometimes appears even in more modern Jain tirthankaras and Hindu depictions of gods.


  • Nitin Kumar: Mudras of the Great Buddha: Symbolic Gestures and Postures. Exotic India Arts, August 2001.
  • Meher McArthur: Reading Buddhist Art: An Illustrated Guide to Buddhist Signs and Symbols. Thames & Hudson 2002, ISBN 978-0-500-51089-6 , p. 111.

Web links

Commons : Abhayamudra  - collection of images, videos and audio files